Pregnancy and Oral Health

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Top image by Flickr user Phalinn Ooi used under Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 4.0 license. Image cropped and modified from original.

 

Pregnancy affects every aspect of your life, your diet, your life-style, your health and much more! During pregnancy, you need to pay special attention to your oral health not only for your own sake but also for your growing baby.

 

You are going to be more prone to dental problems!

 

One of the main concerns with expecting mothers is pregnancy gingivitis. Around 40% of pregnant women would have gum disease or gingivitis. Due to raised level of hormones during pregnancy, you will be more prone to dental issues, plaque accumulation and bleeding or swelling gum. Some studies have related expecting mothers with gum disease to lower birth weights or premature delivery.

 

 

 

You might find a lump around the gum line near your teeth on the gum, this can happen in 5% of pregnancies, these lumps are called Pregnancy tumour and unlike how their name sounds they are completely harmless and will go away after you give birth. These lumps are not cancerous and can be easily removed by your dentist.

Morning sickness and it’s effect on your oral health:

 

pregnant women usually experience sensitive gag reflex and vomiting. Even brushing and flossing can cause vomiting sometimes. Stomach acid is very strong and can damage and erode teeth which will cause decay and sensitivity eventually. To neutralize the acidity after vomiting we recommend rinsing your mouth with a tablespoon of baking soda mixed with water.

 

How to Protect your teeth during pregnancy?

 

After realizing you are pregnant one of your fist stops should be the dentist’s office. If you are planning to have a baby have a chat and examination with your dentist so you can fix any dental issues before conceiving. Any dental issue will get worse during pregnancy and better to be treated before you are carrying a baby, not to put you or your foetus in un-necessary stress.

 

During pregnancy having your routine dental cleaning and scaling is a must, and there is no harm in it. You need to brush twice a day and floss before you brush daily to prevent pregnancy induced gingivitis from getting worse.

 

Your diet is one of the most important things during pregnancy. Between third and sixth month of pregnancy your baby’s teeth will start developing. You need to have a diet full of vitamins A, C and D, protein, calcium and phosphorous to make sure your baby’s teeth, gum and bone develops perfectly.

 

Pregnancy can bring with it a lot of changes and responsibility, but we want our patients to know that here at Gorgeous Smiles we are here for you. We want to make sure that your dental health is taken care of so you can focus on preparing for your little one to come. So whether you’re planning on becoming pregnant or already are, we’d love to see you at Gorgeous Smiles and help you throughout the way!

 

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The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

Get Screened For Oral Cancer

Usually when you go to the dentist, it is because you have dental pain, you want teeth whitening or dental cleaning and scaling. We want to emphasize in this blog how important it is to have twice yearly check-up at the dentist. Yes, your dentist will make sure you do not have any cavities, but what is more important is how regular dental visits can actually save your life!

 

Funny couple laughing with a white perfect smile

 

What to keep in mind about Oral Cancer :

 

 

You might think oral cancers are rare but let’s look at some statistics: approximately 132 individuals are diagnosed with oral cancer every day, and someone dies of oral cancer every hour! It is a very deadly cancer and only half of oral patients survive over 5 years after their initial diagnosis. You need to remember that early detection and save your life!  If diagnosed early survival rate increases by 80-90%

 

What are the risk factors?

 

Excessive Alcohol consumption: drinking too much alcohol can increase the risk of oral cancer by double or even more.

Excessive Sun exposure: prolonged and excessive sun exposure can increase the chance of lip cancer due to UV rays.

Tobacco: using tobacco like cigarettes can increase the chance of having oral cancer by 3 times or more!

Age: two third of individuals with oral cancer are over 55 years old

 

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Although knowing the risks can help us prevent them and reduce the chance of oral cancer,It is still affecting individuals that are non-smoker and healthy. One main reason can be HPV or Human papillomavirus. HPV is a sexually transmitted disease and will increase the chance of individuals 32 times more to have oral cancer.

 

Have your dental exams regularly and you can stop it in the early stages!

 

Oral cancer starts as painless ulcers or sores and we highly recommend checking regularly at home and at your dentist. Come and see us at Gorgeous Smiles if you see or feel any lumps, white o red patches, numbness or sores that do not heal within 2 weeks.

 

 

Help us raise awareness about Oral Cancer by sharing this post with your friends and loved ones.

 

** The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

Common Misconceptions About Gum Disease

Young woman in the flowered garden in the spring time

 

We believe if our patients have more information about dental health problems they will be able to better avoid them. Periodontal diseases are illness of gum and bone. We always warn patients about risks that accompany periodontal disease, such as :

 

  • Bad breath
  • loss of teeth
  • systemic disease

 

You shall be aware that there are also many common misconceptions about gum disease.To help you understand better, we’ve decided to bust some myths today!

 

1.Bleeding gum is normal and happens to everyone

 

This is not true, bleeding gums are the first sign of gum disease and if not treated will lead to periodontal disease.When plaque accumulates on the teeth and around the gum line gum tends to swell, bleed, become tender and painful.You can keep your gum healthy by flossing and brushing daily also by getting regular dental scaling that helps removing plaques and calculus at your dentist.

 

2.Gum disease is the result of not cleaning your teeth

 

There are so many factors contributing to gum disease and poor oral hygiene is only one of them. Other factors including:

 

  • Tobacco use
  • stress
  • bad diet
  • genetics
  • certain illnesses such as diabetes
  • Pregnancy

 

Do not think because you do not have any cavities you are also not having gum disease. Gingivitis or gum disease is completely painless at the beginning and main signs of it is bleeding gum.That’s why good oral hygiene and twice-yearly visits to your dentist for a check-up is essential for your oral health, even if you don’t have a cavity.

3.Gum disease is irreversible

 

We want our patients to know that gum disease or gingivitis if untreated can be irreversible although you have enough time before that happens to prevent such oral health issues.It is better to find the gingivitis early stage because it will be easier to eliminate is and prevent is from becoming full-blown periodontitis. To find out you have gum disease is worrisome,although good news is if caught on time it can be treated easily.

 

Watch the video bellow to learn more about gum disease:

 

 

4. Gum disease only attacks adults.

 

Gum disease is much more common in adults, but that doesn’t mean that children cannot be prone to it. Children who are genetically disposed or have certain systemic disease such as diabetes or autoimmune disease are more susceptible to gingivitis.Children at puberty are more in danger of having gum disease due to hormonal changes. To protect our children against gum disease best is to take them to the dentist at least twice a year and make sure they have best oral hygiene at home.

 

5.Diabetes causes gum disease 100% of the times

If you have diabetes you are certainly at high risk of getting gingivitis but it is not inevitable. To prevent this you need to visit your dentist as frequent as possible and have the best oral hygiene at home. Frequent dental cleaning and scaling will prevent irreversible damage to your gum and bone.Proper blood glucose control can also help you lower your risk.

 

Now you know the most effective way of taking care of your gum so KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK !!! 🙂

 

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**The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

There is a battle in your mouth!

EVERY DAY INSIDE YOUR MOUTH, there is a big battle of good versus bad being waged over the ultimate irreplaceable : your natural teeth! And yes!! only YOU can protect them from the destructive forces that are going to harm them. Your teeth are your best assets, irreplaceable and pretty painful when in harm so take care of them!

 

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The Good Guys And The Bad Guys

Dental enamel is the hardest substance in the our body , ever harder than our bones! (it is made up of mainly minerals), we automatically think of it as a tough shield that nothing can get through. In reality, tooth enamel is porous! We tend to think enamel is hard and not alive and noting can get trough it well bad news, that is not true!

Teeth enamel being porous causes them to catch food and if not cleaned properly eventually bacteria that will cause in the enamel loosing its minal material, teeth without their enamel are weakened and can easily get cavities (decays) –we call this process demineralization. If your tooth enamel is demineralized enough, a cavity will form. But the enamel can also be strengthened by receiving nutrients from what you eat or toothpastes you use and minerals in a process we call remineralization. there is a dynamic of tooth enamel loosing and then again gaining it’s minal material every day!

There are a lot of good bacteria in our mouths, there’s also the cavity-causing bacteria found in plaque. Your oral bacteria feed on sugar and  carbohydrates and produce acids in the process. Acid produced by bacteria is what will destroy the tooth enamel and causes cavities.

Watch this video to learn more about plaques:

It is great to know you have a secre weapon agains these internal bacterias : You have a and that’s saliva! Saliva washes out food debries from your outh and also it neutralizes the acidic environment of the mouth, minerals in saliva like fluoride, calcium and phosphate can be deposited back into tooth enamel, strengthening and defending it against bad bacteria. The more saliva production you have, the more Fluoride , Calcium and Phospate you have in your saliva the greater the protection against harmful bacteria. That is why chewing sugar free gum is advised by dentists, Gum will increase saliva production which means more self protection!!

How Are You Helping?

Which was you shift this dynamic is going to result in weather or not you’ll have dental and oral diseases.

The first thing you can do to defend your teeth from cavity-causing bacteria is eat a nutritious diet. Sugary drinks and treats, crackers, bread and processed foods are just what these bad bacteria love and eating these types of foods can lead to tooth enamel demineralization. On the other hand, foods like cheese, eggs, apples, celery, carrots, dark leafy greens and wild-caught fish promote enamel remineralization. So the next time you open up the fridge or pantry, make the mouth-healthy choice!

Use a Fluoridated toothpaste, Fluoride is what makes your teeth stronger and less sensitive. research shows teeth that have fluoride integrated in their structure are less likely to have cavities in the future.

We Are Responsible For our Oral Health

Eat healthy nutritious food,avoid sugary food or drinks and Keep up the good work, soldier. You’re doing great!

We’re grateful for our awesome patients!

**  The content on this blog is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of qualified health providers with questions you may have regarding medical conditions.

Root canal treatments and what to know about them

Happy woman

 

Decays can happen due to several reasons:

 

  • Over consumption of sugary food or drinks
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Not flossing
  • over consumption of fizzy drinks
  • Deep grooves on teeth that have not been sealed

 

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When there is a cavity (decay) in one of your teeth, it means restricted infection on that tooth that can get bigger by feeding from the food you consume or the tooth structure itself.

 

the decay is basically a gathering of germs and bacteria eating through your tooth. The first step would be to fill the cavity not to let it grow any further. Next step, if untreated would be the infection reaching the nerve of the tooth, which means pain!!

 

nerve is what feeds your tooth and what gives it sensation if infection reached the nerve there is only two options left:

 

  1. Root Canal Treatment
  2. Extraction (regarding extraction read: https://gorgeoussmiles.com.au/tooth-extraction/ )

 

 

What is a Root Canal Treatment?

 

Root canal treatment is the procedure of taking the infected nerve of the tooth out and cleaning the canals which are now empty then filling them with biocompatible materials.

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The first stage would be diagnosis of the infection that has reached your nerve. the symptoms usually are:

 

  • Continuous pain
  • pain when having hot or cold
  • pain on pressure (biting or chewing)

 

Your dentist will check the tooth for signs of infection and then will advise you that the only options left would be extracting the tooth or Root canal because the infection that is in the canals of the tooth will spread and can harm your body on different ways. After a while if you ignore the signs and pain, the tooth can become painless as it will die but the infection will continue to spread.

 

During first stage of root canal the dentist will find the canals of your tooth, clean and disinfect them. At Gorgeous Smiles, we place an antibiotic paste in the canals so the pain and infection would heal by next time we see you.

 

the second and third appointments (if you need 2-3 appointments) would be cleaning some more, making sure there is no bacteria left in the canals and filling them with a biocompatible material. The top of the tooth will be filled too. Because the tooth has lost a lot of it’s important structure there is a big chance it breaks so you need to place a crown or cap on this tooth.

 

Read more about crowns: https://gorgeoussmiles.com.au/our-services/dental-crowns/

Read more about Root Canal FAQs :

https://gorgeoussmiles.com.au/our-services/root-canal-treatment/

 

 

 

 

Home care after having a tooth extraction.

Happy autumn beauty

Sometimes Extraction of a tooth is un-avoidable. In this blog post we want to share with you what we recommend to all our patients about the healing process.

Right after the surgery:

  • Bite on the gauze for at least 30 minutes or until the bleeding stops.
  • Take the pain killers that have been prescribed by your dentist right after the surgery otherwise as soon as the local anaesthetic wears away pain will start. Pain is usually not bad but we would still recommend taking pain killers.
  • Do not spit out or suck on a straw this will make the bleeding worse by sucking motion .
  • Do not smoke.
  • Restrict your activities right after dental surgery and resume your daily activities after you feel better.
  • Ice chips or ice pack on the side of the face where extraction took place can help avoid or reduce the swelling.
  • Avoid Aspirin or Ibuprofen and proceed with Panadol.
  • Do not rinse your mouth too often or touch the area of extraction, touching and pocking the area increases the bleeding.
  • Do not rinse for the first 24 hours after extraction.
  • After the first 24 hours rinse your mouth with warm salt water ,every 3 hours for 3 days to avoid any food particles lodging in the area of extraction.
  • Depending on how hard and complicated the surgery was there can be swelling of the face on the side of extraction. Swelling is most common around the area of the extraction, face, cheek etc. Swelling can happen even after 3-4 days post operatively.As mentioned before applying ice chips or ice pack over the surgical side will help minimise the swelling. Application of ice pack shall be right after surgery otherwise applying it more than 24 hours after the surgery has no benefit to you. You can apply the pack for 30 minutes and then let it rest for another half hour. Repeat the procedure for 3 rounds.
  • Slight oozing or bleeding after the surgery is to be expected, by applying pressure with the gauze we placed in you can control the amount of bleeding.Biting on a gauze pad for 30 minutes should stop the bleeding but if bleeding still not stopped after 4 hours , use a dampened tea bag and place directly on the extraction site.There is tannic acid in the tea bag that will help the bleeding to stop. If non of the above helps contact Gorgeous Smiles Dentistry right away.
  • Dry socket syndrome : Can happen 3-4 days after the surgery which causes throbbing pain on the extraction site. if this happens do not worry as it is a common occurrence but return to Gorgeous Smiles Dentistry so the dentist can irrigate the wound with disinfectant material and place a sooting dressing on the extractions site. This shall repeat every two days until the pain is fully gone.
  • If Antibiotics have been prescribed for you please take them as directed, do mention to your dentist if you have any allergies in advance (eg. Penicillin Allergy). Rest and have minimum activity. If you are currently on birth controls they might be inactivated by antibiotics.
  • If there has been sutured placed on the extraction site, please book in and come back in 7 -10 days to have them removed.
  • Pain is most following the surgery and subsides the day after, thus we recommend take your prescribed pain killers before the numbness wears off to avoid any pain, take it easy and rest at least the first day after surgery. Do not take painkillers with empty stomach. *
  • You can brush the night of the surgery but please spit out gently.
  • Avoid anything hot, hot food or drink or shower that can agitate the extraction site and cause more bleeding.
  • Try to avoid hard , hot or crunchy food and only take soft food for the first 24 hours.

10 Easy Oral Hygiene tips to save your smile!

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1.Brush with a soft bristle toothbrush, using medium or hard bristle toothbrushes does not make the plaque removing process any more successful it just hurts your gum. Main reason for gum recession early in life is brushing too hard. You are not in control of your brushing and the energy you put in on it so we recommend using a soft toothbrush to never hurt your gum.

2.First have your breakfast and then brush your teeth, we always come across the question of “do I brush before breakfast or after?” our answer is after to remove any food particle there is really no point in brushing and eating right away. To those of you who might ask but how about all the bacteria build up during night, wouldn’t I be taking it all in? we would say a simple rinse will get rid of anything extra and your own body’s bacteria is not harmful for you.

3.Change your toothbrush regularly, Toothbrushes can contain a lot of bacteria after a while and their work can be compromise if the bristles are deformed. We recommend changing your toothbrush on average every 3 months.

4.You need to brush for at least two minutes right before bed, the amount of saliva production is much less at night and as saliva is protecting your teeth at all times against bacteria, your teeth are in much greater risk at night so even if you brush once a day do it before bed.

5.Brush light, we already talked about brushing with a soft toothbrush but we need to emphasis that no amount of pressure would do your teeth any good. be very gentle while brushing the toothpaste will do the job!

6.Floss first and then brush not reverse. Usually everyone flosses last but by flossing first you will get rid of all the food particles in between teeth before letting the toothpaste running in between.

7.Floss at least once a day, NO, flossing 3 times per week or every couple of days is not enough. Flossing is like going to the gym regularly once you get used to the amazing feeling comes after it you cannot stop doing it.

8.any sort of floss is better than not flossing choose the one that is best for you, if you like the water-jet flosser, the sticks, interdental brushes or good old school floss it does not really make much of a difference. Pick one which you will stick with and do it every single night.

9. Massage your gum. Massage will increase the blood flow to your gum, so do it with your index finger or a gentle brush. It really makes your gum stronger.

10. Brush your tongue too!!! You know how much food particles will be left in between tongue’s papillae? there is food and eventually bacteria that can harm your teeth at night just by being left on the tongue. Brush your tongue gently , no toothpaste needed.